The Mental Museum

Honore Daumier and France Under the Influence

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Considered France’s greatest satirical artist, Honore Daumier was born in 1808 and past in 1879. Although a master sculptor and painter, he is best known for his brilliant lithographs, especially those published in Le Charivari, a Parisian illustrated newspaper, from the early 1830s onwards. He is highly revered as a social critic and commentator among such predecessors as Spain’s Francisco Goya and England’s William Hogarth. On occation, Daumier’s artistic commentary on French King Louis Philippe, landed himself behind bars. Although first considered to be a “Citizen King,” King Philippe’s conseravative monarch lead his country into an economic crisis in 1847. Among Daumier’s devestating attacks, he often portrayed the King as Gargantua…seen below. These public portrails aided the fall of King Philippe’s rule.

Perhaps his most famous work, titled Rue Transnonain was published in Le Charivari in 1834 in response to the massacre of 19 people including women and children by the French National Guard in respone to a strike of silk weavers in Lyon.


Written by thementalmuseum

April 9, 2008 at 12:39 am

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